Our Only Way Out
By Zaib Altaf
an Agriculture country itís our foremost duty to improve our
agriculture sector to support the economy of Pakistan.
Without improving our
agricultural sector itís impossible to get progress in our
economy because itís a source of food, clothes and other raw
products which are our basic needs for survival of life.
The Agriculture sector
directly supports the three-quarters of countryís
population, employs half the labor force, and contributes a
large share of foreign exchange earnings.
Agriculture is a basic and
rests of all other industries are totally dependent on its
As, cotton is a cash crop
of Pakistan and its a chief and only source of textile
On the other hand in the same
way Sugarcane is also a cash crop of Pakistan and it is the
chief source of sugar in Pakistan.
In the last year of 2011, in
Pakistan there is a loss in the yield of agricultural crops
particularly in cotton because of poor agricultural
techniques as well as less intension towards this sector.
Some of environmental factors
also played significant role in low production e.g. a sudden
increase in rainfall which led t a source of flood. Due to
all these factors almost all crops and particularly all
lands were majority affected.
The agriculture GDP growth
rate in Pakistan was only 1.5 percent in 2007, significantly
lower than the population growth rate (Pakistan National
Income Statistics 2008).
Now a days government should
divert it more intension to improving agriculture techniques
and should encourage farmers by supporting them with well
learned extension workers and also by providing them latest
machinery and all those things which they needed to improve
the quality and quantity of our crops for getting high yield
as compared to last year.
For this purpose Prime
Minister announced to order his team for the preparation of
various types of proposals for providing the relief to all
farmers in the next year budget with the help of different
programs like Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) and
also fix priorities to resolve the energy crisis.
Along with all these
facilities he also announced about the creation of various
other jobs. As far as for Agriculture growth for the coming
year 2012-13 is expected at 4%, while the services sector
will grow at 4.6%.
For improving role of
Agriculture in GDP, itís necessary to extend the agriculture
sector by implementing latest facilities which it lacks in
Under the PSDP allocations,
priority has been given to water and power sector, in
addition to emphasizing on social region, health, education
and poverty alleviation.
From the total production
Punjab Government has allocated, Rs 5.040 billion for
agriculture sector, Rs 11.25 billion for irrigation, Rs 1.65
billion for livestock, Rs 475 million for forestry, Rs 350
million for wildlife, Rs 250 million for fisheries, Rs 300
million for mines and minerals and Rs 350 million for
Government also announced Budget for development of various
new schemes to extend agriculture field.
According to the general
budget 2012-2013: Goal for agricultural sector increased to
Rs. 5, 75,000 crore; Rs. 200 crore for awards for
agricultural research; Allocation to agriculture enhanced;
RKVY gets Rs. 9,217 crore; BGREI gets Rs. 1,000 crore;
Rs.2242 crore project to progress dairy production.
Role of fertilizer is also
very important in crop production so with help of
cooperation of agriculture scientists government should
initiate programs to educate farmers about the proper
application of fertilizers in field.
The rates of food commodities
that are increasing now days are only because of poor
production, poor management and improper storage facilities
of agriculture food products.
Post harvest losses are also
very high so itís necessary that government should manage to
make large godaams and storage houses for storing of all
these food commodities and their products.
With help of all these developing schemes it would be
helpful for common man as well as farmer at field level.
For getting more positive
response and output from agriculture sector it should also
be necessary to provide all modern facilities for
development and rearing of livestock.
It is not possible to think
of any productive activity without agriculture.
As agriculture plays a key
factor in country progress by contributing 21 per cent to
the GDP and providing employment opportunities for 45 per
cent of the country's labor force and also 60 per cent of
the rural population depends upon this sector for its
So itís essential to take
high intension towards it.