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The science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants. Agriculture plays an important role in Pakistan's economy contributing 25% to GDP, employs 44% work force of country. With in agriculture the horticulture is an important sector, production of fruits 6.2 mtons, vegetables 5.0 mtons, citrus 2.0 mtons, mangoes 1.0 mtons, dates 0.63 mtons and apples 0.4 mtons.Total exports of fruits and vegetables for 120435000 US$ and quantity 471693tons.


Bougainvillea: A potential ornamental plant
Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd) belongs to the family Nyctagin- aceae, which is composed of 30 genera and 300 species but in Pakistan only 5 genera and 11 species are present.

Disease destroying mango trees
THE present mango disease that has devastated many mango trees first in the Punjab and recently in Sindh, is visually identifiable by slowly yellowing and wilting leaves in scattered areas.

Magnificent mangoes of Pakistan
MANGO is a delicious fruit grown in slightly less than ninety tropical and sub-tropical countries in the world. The fruit is most­ly eaten fresh as a dessert.

Post Harvest Handling of Mangoes
MANGOES can be successfully stored for up to three weeks if the recommended harvest maturity, post harvest handling and storage conditions are employed.

Living with nature
A gentle drizzle patters on the leaves of fruit trees in the orchard as dawn turns the sky a watery pink and the sun begins to make its appearance. Birds sing and rustle in the undergrowth and a nocturnal Flying Squirrel disappears off to bed after a long night of feasting on the ripening black figs and brambles which flourish on the perimeter fence of our garden.

Mango Tree Mortality
Mango, Mangifera indica L. is one of the most important fruit which is exported to many countries such as Dubai, Saudi Arabia, UK, Germany, France, Holland, Switzerland, Italy, Singapore and Malaysia.

Marigold poor man's saffron
Marigold, calendula officinalis, with its pale-green leaves and golden orange flowers, is a familiar sight in spring in homes and in grandens. It belongs to family compositae. The botanical name comes from the latin clendae, meaning the first day of the month. What is not known, is Its value in cookery and medicine.

Bell Flowers
There is something very special about Bell Flowers, more correctly termed as members of the ‘Campanulaceae’ family of plants.

Neem The wonder tree
Most of the pesticides currently in use have caused serious social and environmental repercussions. Insecticides derived from plants are ecologically desirable and economically advantageous. More than 2,400 plant species possess pest control properties.

New garden planning
Q. There is an area of about 100 sq. yds. At the back of our new house where we plan to make a kitchen/beauty garden. Do you have any ideas please?
A. The recent gardening series ‘The Edible Garden Dream’ which ran in six issues of ‘The Review’ would be ideal to consult for your requirements but, if you cannot get hold of this, then make a trip to your local Sunday bazaar or to a second hand book shop and pick up a few gardening books from overseas as these should give you lots of good ideas..

Horticultural societies in demand
Q. I want to do a course in gardening, could you please point out some suitable places where I can enroll in one.
A. Once again, I suggest that you get in touch with your local Horticultural Society as they should be aware of what courses are available in your area.

Psychological Benefits of Gardening
In fact, even the sight of a few trees, the view from a window at home or at work, can provide satisfaction. Similarly, landscape areas can also be a source of satisfaction; weather or not one participate in their maintenance.

Sumptuous Sweet Williams
So simple to grow, yet sadly overlooked by the majority of gardeners, ‘Sweet Williams’ give a sumptuous and, if you have the right varieties, delicately perfumed display with the minimum of effort.

The edible garden – part 1
Chopping vegetables at the kitchen counter this morning, heavy snow gusting sideways across my line of vision and wondering which gardening subject readers may find of interest next, it suddenly struck me that the majority of ingredients for the Vegetable Spaghetti sauce I was ‘inventing’ actually came from my garden.

The edible garden – part 2
If you studied Part 1 of ‘The Edible Garden’ you may have realized that I left you facing 50 square yards of soil and manure or mulching material with absolutely no way of getting from A to B without sinking up to your knees in the stuff!

The edible garden – part 3
The orientation of ‘The Edible Garden’ is something that must not be overlooked, as, the south facing wall for example, will be much warmer and sunnier than the wall facing north which should have a decent amount of shade.

The edible garden – part 4
The boundary wall of ‘The Edible Garden’ should, by this time, have been planting with a good assortment of climbers which produce something useful and tasty to eat so we will now take a look at what you can grow to keep them company.

The edible garden – part 5
Now that the boundary wall and adjacent borders are under control, I hope, we can make a start on the central area of ‘The Edible Garden’.

The edible garden – part 6
In this, the final part of ‘The Edible Garden’ series, we will take a look at something which no such garden is complete without….that all important source of numerous additional vitamins and minerals….fruit.



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