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International Poultry Industry Overview  

By the USDA FAS - This article provides the highlights and links to the 2004 USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual reports for Argentina, Brazil, Canada, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Republic of, Thailand, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela.

 

Argentina

Argentine poultry exports for 2005 are projected at a record 110,000 metric tons as a result of good returns, the opening of new markets, good sanitary conditions, and stronger demand from existing markets. Chile and Venezuela are markets which are forecast to grow in 2005. Broiler production is also expected to reach a record high of 1 million metric tons because of the strong export demand, and a recovery of the domestic consumption.
To read the full report please click here

 


Brazil

Brazilian poultry production is expected to reach another record in 2005 due to continued expansion in exports and a rebound in domestic production because of higher employment rate and more disposable income from consumers. Profit margins are expected to remain firm next year.
To read the full report please click here

 


Canada

On August 18, 2004 the Canadian Food Inspection Agency lifted all remaining movement restrictions on birds, bird products and bird by-products in British Columbia’s Fraser Valley and declared an end to the avian influenza response operation which began on February 19, 2004. Exports of U.S. poultry meat to Canada were sharply higher in the first six months of 2004 reflecting the shortfall in Canadian supplies caused by the avian influenza crisis in British Columbia. For 2005, Canadian chicken output is forecast to rebound and show moderate increase while turkey output is expected to remain flat.
To read the full report please click here

 


India

India's CY 2005 broiler production is forecast to grow by 15 percent to 1.9 million tons due to greater availability of raw feed materials and increased demand for poultry meat caused by higher consumer income. Increasing forward integration in poultry operation, growing farmer preference for birds with higher dressing yield, and price stabilization measures initiated by the industry are also factors supporting production growth, mostly in the southern and western growing belts.
To read the full report please click here

 


Indonesia

Due to the impact of the Avian Influenza (AI) outbreak in early 2004, combined with high feed costs, broiler production in 2004 is expected to drop about 15 percent. For 2005, with expectations that feed input prices will decline, and that the AI problem remains in check, broiler meat output is forecast to rebound about 8 percent.
To read the full report please click here

 


Korea

Korea remains one of the few countries that maintain a nationwide ban on imports of U.S. fresh and frozen poultry meat due to avian influenza-related concerns. Korea is considering lifting the ban on U.S. poultry meat now that the United States is free of highly pathogenic avian influenza. Although Brazil may soon be eligible to export limited quantities of poultry meat to Korea, bans on other suppliers will encourage importers to turn to the United States when the ban is lifted.
To read the full report please click here

 


Malaysia

The Malaysian poultry scene was faced with various challenges in the past year from grappling with the higher production cost of broilers; to keeping the Malaysian chicken farms free from Avian Influenza; to dealing with the impact on the poultry export market due to the discovery of H5N1 virus strain in a village farm. Best product prospects for US exporters continue to be in supplying day-old chicks, broiler grandparent stock, frozen turkey/turkey parts and frozen chicken parts.
To read the full report please click here

 


Mexico

Mexico’s poultry industry is forecast to continue growing during MY 2005 (Jan-Dec), as the trend toward vertical integration in the chicken industry continues. Exports of U.S. poultry and poultry products are forecast to increase as well. Mexico imposed sanitary import restrictions due to Avian Influenza outbreaks in the United States. However, these restrictions have been gradually lifted allowing most U.S. poultry trade to continue unimpeded.
To read the full report please click here

 


Philippines

The Philippine poultry industry is likely to expand once again this year, fueled mainly by the growing domestic and regional demand for Philippine chicken meat. The high cost of feed will, however, continue to be a limiting factor in the sector's growth. Consumption of broiler meat is expected to outpace domestic production even with a temporarily weakened demand for chicken during the first quarter of 2004 due to Avian Influenza incidents in most of Asia and parts of Canada and the United States. Imports of broiler meat are forecast to increase in 2004 mainly as a result of the GRP's special chicken importation scheme implemented between June-August, 2004.
To read the full report please click here

 


Saudi Arabia

The Saudi Ministry of Agriculture indicated that the country’s total broiler meat production declined from 525,000 metric tons in 2001 to 467,000 mt in 2002 and 468,000 in 2003 (initial data). Total poultry meat and products imports are estimated to reach 443,000 metric tons next year, an increase of two percent compared to this year’s estimated import level.
To read the full report please click here

 


South Africa, Republic of

Broiler production reached 808,000 tons in 2003 but a small decrease in production is foreseen for 2004. This is mainly due to increased import competition brought about by the strong SA rand. The exchange rate, currently about R6.68 to the Dollar after a 2002 average of R10.52 was recorded, is putting pressure on domestic prices, which is influencing expansion plans.
To read the full report please click here

 


Thailand

The broiler industry is anticipated to grow slightly in 2005 after being hit by High Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) disease in 2004. As a result, exports and domestic consumption of broiler meat in 2005 will fall far short of the record high levels reached in 2003.
To read the full report please click here

 


Ukraine

Ukraine’s production of poultry products in 2005 will increase considerably, but the local industry will not be able to meet domestic demand, which continues to increase. Demand for poultry imports will persist due to high red meat prices and falling production of livestock products. U.S. exporters of frozen poultry are poised to regain Ukrainian market share because human consumption continues to increase and industrial processors source U.S. product. U.S. imports are facing competition from the European Union and Brazil. Price is often the determining factor.
To read the full report please click here

 


United Arab Emirates

UAE poultry producers face significant production hurdles that inhibit their ability to capitalize on opportunities presented in this growing consumer market. Poultry suppliers are reacting to the unsatisfied market demand by importing frozen poultry, at record level in 2003 that does not appear to be waning in 2004 despite health/safety problems internationally.
To read the full report please click here

 


Venezuela

Poultry production is expected to increase in 2004 and 2005 after three years of steep declines due to political turmoil. The Government of Venezuela is expected to increase government controlled imports and distribution of frozen poultry from Brazil to 20,000 tons in 2005. to 20,000 tons in 2005.
To read the full report please click here

 



Source: USDA Foreign Agricultural Service - September 2004
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