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International Egg and Poultry Review  

By the USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service - This is a weekly report looking at international developments concerning the poultry industry, this week looking at Argentina's poultry sector, German Egg Producers and more Eggs in China.

Argentina

A
rgentina The future looks promising for Argentina's poultry sector. Argentine poultry exports for 2005 are projected at a record 110,000 metric tons as a result of good profitability, new market opportunities, good sanitary conditions, investments in plant and equipment, and a stronger demand from existing markets.

Argentina, a country free of Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease, has found markets in 34 countries as either a complementary or alternative supplier to the world large exporters. The quality of Argentine poultry products is attributed to the country's natural resources, excellent feed availability, modern processing plants, and the ability of its local exporters to produce almost anything demanded. Argentina is focusing on commodity type products as well as niche markets for value-added products.

Total poultry meat exports in 2003 for Argentina were as follows: whole broilers 36 percent, chicken paws 30 percent, processed meat from layers 5 percent, and other products (i.e. wings, nuggets, burgers, offal, breasts, etc.) 29 percent. The FOB price in Argentina for frozen whole broilers was US $880 per ton in the first semester of 2004, 27 percent over 2003, and is expected to continue increasing in 2005 as the world recovers from the Asian Flu crisis.

Chile, forecsast to be Argentina's number one poultry export market, is projected to increase its exports in 2005 equating to 20,000 tons of mostly frozen whole broilers. Venezuela will be importing for the first time 5,000 tons of large frozen broilers in the second semester of 2004 and monthly shipments of about 2,000 tons in 2005.

Argentina also exports to China (chicken paws and wings); Saudi Arabia (smaller frozen broilers); Europe (processed poultry meat and IQF boneless breast); South Africa (leg quarters, mechanically de-boned meat for further processing, whole broilers); Japan (high value products manually de-boned leg quarters and meat in cubes); and Russia (surplus leg quarters). At present, Argentine processors would like to see the Canadian and U.S. markets open, but their sanitary services are currently going through risk assessment. In July, Cuba indicated interest in Argentine imports and a letter of intent for purchase of poultry and other products was signed between officials from the Argentine Province of Entre Rios and a Cuban state-owned import company.

Poultry imports for Argentina are projected to be 4,000 tons in 2005. Average imports were 45,000 tons between 1998 and 2001. In 2002, imports dropped significantly as the devaluation of the peso made production costs in Argentina become very similar to those of Brazil, which until then, had encouraged inexpensive imports as Brazilian prices were very low.

However, poultry imports from the U.S. will not be benefitting from this projected increase in imports as poultry products are still prohibited due to the past outbreak of Newcastle Disease in California dating back to 2002. The two governments continue to work at lifting the ban, though should it be lifted and the market opened, the weak peso would limit imports of poultry meat due to its higher price.

Argentine poultry production is forecast to be a record 1 million metric tons for 2005. The increase is attributed to good profitability in the sector and excellent prospects in both the local and external markets. The local poultry sector increased almost two and a half times in the 1990's, but suffered a forced reduction in production after the country's economic crisis in 2002. Production finally started to recover in 2003 and in 2004 it will be practically at the same level as 2001, prior to the crisis.
Source: USDA FAS/Ag Exporter/Various News Sources

 

Argentine Egg & Poultry Imports, Exports, & Production 1998-2002 (MT)
Year Import Export Production
  Eggs Poultry Eggs Poultry Eggs Poultry
1998 2,643 65,215 584 18,936 307,620 930,247
1999 1,477 55,608 70 17,097 318,870 982,860
2000 2,394 45,683 30 19,187 326,935 1,000,260
2001 2,686 26,661 469 21,243 301,916 993,122
2002 29 1,196 274 30,501 330,000 972,870
Source: FAO

German Egg Producers Losing Money

German egg prices remain very low and consumer demand is clearly weaker than last year. Despite falling feed prices, producers are still unable to cover their costs. The decline in prices below both 2002 and 2003 continued in June. At the beginning of July, discount retailers were paying 20%-30% less than at the same time in 2003. After remaining weak at the beginning of July prices rose slightly in mid-month but this trend did not continue. However, prices are not expected to weaken further.
Source: International Egg Commission

More Eggs in China

Egg production in China totalled 26.1 million tons (mt) in 2003. Hen egg production amounted to 22.33 mt, which was a little over a million tons (5%) more than a year earlier. Output of other eggs amounted to 3.83 mt compared with 3.72 mt in 2002. The combined output of just 10 provinces, Shandong, Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Sichuan, Anhui, Hubei, Heilongjiang, and Jilin (each producing more than 900,000 tons), accounted for almost 80% of total poultry egg production last year.
Source: International Egg Commission/China's National Statistical Bureau
 

To view the full report, including tables please click here

Courtesy: USDA

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