MY 2001/02 rice production is forecast at 4.5 MMT-a decline of
200,000 MT from the revised MY 2000/01 production of 4.7 MMT
(based on final production figures from Punjab).
Of the major
varieties, IRRI production is forecast to decline to 2.4 MMT
(down 150,000 MT from last year crop) and Basmati production
is forecast to be 1.6 MMT (down about 100,000 MT from last
The decrease in production is due to continued
irrigation problems, which are expected to result in a decline
in both area and yield.
Despite low prices and increasingly vocal complaints from
rice zzproducers, the government plays a minor role in the
Although the government establishes procurement
prices for different grades of paddy, it did not purchase any
paddy during MY2000/01.
Rice is not a staple and consumption is increasing slowly
compared to wheat. About 60 percent of the crop is destined for
local consumption and the remainder exported.
The government does not maintain grade standards for rice. An
estimated 150,000 metric tons of 40-percent to 100-percent
broken rice used in the poultry feed annually.
Pakistan is a major rice exporter and is forecast to export 1.8
MMT, consisting of 1.2 MMT of IRRI and 600,000 MT of Basmati,
during MY 2001/02.
All trade is done by the private sector.
The state-owned Rice Export Corporation was abolished several
years ago. Today, another state trading agency, the Trading
Corporation of Pakistan (TCP), plays a limited role in the rice
trade by facilitating government-to-government exports through
the private sector.
The GOP in consultation with the Rice Exporters Association of
Pakistan (REAP) has established a quality review committee to
certify the quality of Pakistani rice prior to shipment in an
effort to boost the image of Pakistani rice, and especially
Rice exports by destination data are not available for MY
1999/00 and CY2000. Of the total 2.1 MMT of rice exports during
MY 1999/00, IRRI rice exports totaled 1.548 MMT and Basmati
exports totaled 555,000 MT.
The major destinations for IRRI rice exports for November
1999-June 2000 were: Afghanistan (183,726 MT), Bangladesh
(120,738 MT), Sri Lanka (104,072 MT), United Arab Emirates
(87,359 MT), India (77,218 MT) and South Africa (72,187 MT).
The major destinations for Basmati rice exports for November
1999-June 2000 were: United Arab Emirates (172,339 MT) Oman
(68,360 MT), Saudi Arabia (64,680 MT), Qatar (44,678 MT), United
Kingdom (27,452 MT), Bahrain (23,398 MT), and Kuwait (23,163
MT). 12,040 MT of Basmati rice and 1,679 MT of IRRI rice was
shipped to the United States between November 1999-June 2000.